Plastic Surgery Residency 2.0
By Denise Mann
Despite technological advances, residency education still remains largely siloed.
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and ANZU have partnered to break down walls through a new Residency Education & Collaboration Platform.
“We built this product so it can be used by many different specialties, including dermatology, to cross collaborate with peer groups in real time,” says Barry Fernando, MD, a plastic surgeon in Phoenix, AZ and one of the founders of ANZU.
“Many residency programs still don't leverage good quality technology,” he says. “They may download a Google drive app or Dropbox to amass information and then share it via email, but there is no interaction between different programs.”
The missing link, he says, is such cross collaboration between institutions. “This will be the golden fleece.”
The plan is to sign up at least 20 programs for this new collaborative plastic surgery residency network, he says. The platform provides access to educational resources, an independent content management system for each residency program, a networking app for all participating programs, an HTML-based web page builder for residents to generate/share multi-media notes, a “Virtual Journal Club,” and a search engine with specialty specific tagging and filters, among other features.
The network also allows affiliated associations such as ASAPS to reach—and teach—residents early on before they set up their practices or officially launch their careers.
Washington University in St. Louis was among the first to join the new plastic surgery residency network.
“It's a residency tool of the future and a fantastic supplement to resident education,” says Terence M. Myckatyn, MD, an associate professor of surgery and director of the cosmetic surgery program at Washington University in St. Louis.
“The big benefit is that it synergizes a combination of platforms including peer-reviewed research, expert opinion, and procedural videos,” he says. “Textbooks are outdated by the time they are printed and research articles are great, but don't always put information into context.
In St. Louis, we do it our way, but now residents can see how procedures are done at other institutions and once they get out of training, they are able to essentially keep up and study innovation.”
Ripped from the Headlines: Can A Patient Be Allergic to a Breast Implant?
“The problem wasn't something anyone could have prevented or predicted — it was that I am allergic to implants. Plain and simple. My body did. Not. Want. Them,” Ms. March wrote in an essay on Refinery29 that the New York Post picked up.
One morning, she sat up in bed and felt “a sickening wet mucus sliding down my chest. It was everywhere, soaking my shirt and the sheets. My right implant was infected and the seams of the scar on my right breast had burst.”
Ms. March's surgeon removed the whole implant and sent her to an infectious disease doctor. She had the implant put back in after six weeks and experienced another infection and rupture two months later, only to realize she was allergic to them, according to media reports. It is implied throughout the articles that the implants were silicone.
Modern Aesthetics® reached out to some leading breast surgeons to find out if it is, in fact, possible to be allergic to a breast implant and if it is possible, is it probable?
And in a nutshell, the answer is probably not. Given the known biocompatibility of silicone, the doctors interviewed think that this may be a case of capsular contracture or an infection, not a true allergy. Still, as one doctor puts it, it is not “an impossible scenario.” (None of the surgeons quoted in this article treated Ms. March or had any information other than what was reported in the news article.)
“True allergic reactions to silicone would be very rare. In most cases when someone had their implants removed because of ‘rejection' or an ‘allergy, it was actually either an infection or capsular contracture,” says Roswell, GA plastic surgeon Miles Graivier, MD. “The silicone molecule is unable to stimulate the body to form antibodies. The body does not attack the silicone with antibodies so it does not stimulate an allergic reaction.”
That said, he adds, “the body does recognize the silicone as a foreign body and it does react to this foreign substance by forming a capsule around it.”
Silicone is well regarded for implantable (and non-implantable) medical devices precisely because it is bio-compatible and bio-inert, and it has a very low immune response to it, agrees Tracy M. Pfeifer, MD, MS, a New York City plastic surgeon.
Foley catheters used in the ureter and bladder, among other medical devices, also contain silicone, she says. “Thousands and thousands of foley catheters are used every year in the United States and no one has ever claimed that they are allergic to them,” she says.
“I don't believe she was allergic to the silicone implants. It's almost unheard of and would be a reportable case,” says Kiya Movassaghi, MD, a clinical assistant professor of plastic surgery at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland and the President of the Northwest Society of Plastic Surgeons. “There are no screening tests for breast implants. This presentation is still a very rare but not an impossible scenario.” He is also the medical director of Movassaghi Plastic Surgery & Ziba Medical Spa in Portland and a board member of American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.
Experts Discuss Advances in Hair Restoration
August is National Hair Loss Awareness Month, and Modern Aesthetics® reached out to three top hair restoration doctors to find out what is new and exciting in this burgeoning field.
“One of the greatest advances in hair restoration is the ability to take a large number of grafts, under local anesthesia, that are about 1mm or smaller and then place them into small needle sticks. With this approach, a completely natural hair restoration can be achieved. A few decades ago, the advancement was taking a strip from the back of the head and chopping it into smaller grafts, but now that method is outdated and leaves a large scar on the patient's head.
Today, we can offer most of our male and female patients a complete or near complete reconstruction. This can all be done under local anesthesia without noticeable scarring or downtime. Treatment plans may include both surgical and medical treatment. Medical treatment would include medications, specialized shampoos, growth factor products, light therapy, etc.
The future for hair restoration is bright as it is for many fields in medicine. Some very interesting things are being done with platelet rich plasma (PRP) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) or processed fat from liposuction that contains stem cells. As these and other therapies advance, results will only improve.”
Stephen J. Ronan, MD
“Eyebrow and beard transplants are growing in popularity. Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is incisionless and allows for quick healing. We are currently conducting a FDA-approved study on the potential efficacy of adipose-derived stem cells for the treatment of male and female pattern hair loss (Kerastem). PRP is quite popular as well and we have seen benefits with its use.”
Jeffrey Epstein, MD
“There are a lot of exciting things going on in a field that typically moves in fits and starts. For decades, all we had in terms of drug-based treatments were Propecia (finasteride) or Rogaine (minoxidil), but today's pipeline is robust. There is much enthusiasm about prostaglandin analogs including Allergan's Latisse, which is already approved for eyelash growth. Latisse is now being studied in the scalp, and we are awaiting the analysis of a Phase II trial that used a higher dose of the agent than earlier studies. This makes sense as the scalp is harder to penetrate than the skin around the eyelashes. KYTHERA Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., prior to its acquisition by Allergan, submitted an investigational new drug application to the FDA for KYTH-105 (setipiprant) for treatment of androgenetic alopecia. Setipiprant is a selective oral antagonist of the prostaglandin D2 receptor. Research has found that men with male pattern baldness have elevated levels of PGD2. It has been previously evaluated by Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. in nine clinical studies as a potential allergic inflammation treatment. It is possible that prostaglandin analogs and antagonists will be used together to treat hair loss.”
Ken Washenik, MD, PhD,
IT'S ALMOST TIME TO FACE THE MUSIC
BY DENISE MANN
The first official launch party for Allergan's Juvéderm Volbella XC is just one of the attractions slated to take place during the upcoming Fall 2016 meeting of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) to be held in Nashville from October 6-8.
“Our goal is to update all attendees on state-of-the art facial aesthetics including rhinoplasty, facelift, nonsurgical procedures, injectables, and devices and get to the truth on what works and what doesn't,“ says Germantown, TN facial plastic surgeon and meeting director Phillip R. Langsdon, MD.
It's not just what we are presenting but how we are presenting it that will make the Fall 2016 meeting so dynamic, he says. This year's meeting will be easier to navigate with four principal rooms situated in close proximity, allowing members easy access to all. What's more, lectures and panels will be short and sweet with drilled-down messaging.
“This year's meeting will be a radical departure from everything we have done in the past,” promises Dallas facial plastic surgeon Sam M. Lam, MD, one of the meeting's co-chairs.
Some highlights will include presentations on topical Botox, platelet rich plasma, and Topokine Therapeutic's investigational XAF5 cream for under-the-eyelid fat plus their TAT4 Gel for reduction of nasolabial folds, he says. “This is one of the first meetings that will have a transgender panel and transgender lectures on the main stage as this is a hot topic.”
There's more: Lectures will teach attendees how to sculpt the lip and touch on the entire spectrum of ear lobe corrections, he says.
Rami K. Batniji, MD, a Newport Beach, CA-based facial plastic surgeon and meeting co-chair, is particularly excited about the rhinoplasty program, which includes three days devoted to nose surgery.
“A revision rhinoplasty panel will put the experts to task on how they would approach this complicated type of nose surgery,” he says.
It's an exciting time in rhinoplasty, he adds. “The field of rhinoplasty continues to evolve with respect to techniques and more people are doing cartilage grafting to augment the dorsum, nasal tip, or other areas to produce an aesthetically beautiful and a good functioning nose,” he says.
Turkey is this year's guest country; there will be rhinoplasty lectures given by top Turkish facial plastic surgeons, he says.
And then there's the host city. “Nashville is a booming metropolis and the world center of country music,” Dr. Langsdon says. “There are a lot of things to do including great restaurants and venues. “
FDA Clears Syneron Candela's PicoWay Laser for Ultra-Short 785nm Wavelength; UltraShape Power for Fat Destruction
The FDA cleared Syneron Medical Ltd.'s PicoWay picosecond laser for a new ultra-short 785nm wavelength. The addition of the new wavelength expands the capabilities of the PicoWay picosecond laser, making it possible to remove all tattoo ink colors including blue and green. It will be available in the fourth quarter of 2016, the company states.
The clearance was supported by a 15 patient study, covering 22 tattoos, of which 18 contained blue and green inks. Blinded evaluation of tattoo clearance, by independent board-certified physicians, showed that 83 percent of the treated blue/green tattoos had “good” to “complete” treatment response after two PicoWay treatments with the 785nm wavelength. Investigator assessments of tattoo clearance showed similar results to blinded evaluation findings. There were no treatment complications, and PicoWay treatments were generally associated with no discomfort to mild discomfort for the majority of treatments.
The FDA also cleared Syneron's non-invasive fat destruction device, UltraShape Power, for non-invasive reduction of abdominal circumference via fat cell destruction.
UltraShape Power uses focused, pulsed mechanical ultrasound energy to target and destroy fat, offering measurable fat reduction to the abdominal area. UltraShape Power's USculpt transducer delivers 20 percent more energy than its predecessor. A recent clinical study with UltraShape Power's USculpt transducer documents a 32 percent reduction in subcutaneous fat thickness, positioning UltraShape Power as a powerful solution for non-invasive fat reduction.
UltraShape Power's ultrasound energy is applied to the skin in a proprietary pulse structure to ensure effective fat destruction with no damage to surrounding tissue including blood vessels, nerves, and muscles, resulting in a safe and comfortable treatment experience. UltraShape Power's lighter transducer for high maneuverability enables the customized treatment of large and small fat pockets.
My New Favorite Thing: BELLAFILL
“When learning of Bellafill, the only FDA-approved dermal filler for the correction of facial acne scars, I immediately became excited to be able to provide a solution to this common cosmetic skin concern that previously had limited treatment options. Bellafill, a dermal filler, is injected into the face and collagen gel provides immediate volume and lift to correct the acne scar, while the PMMA microspheres remain in place and create a base that provides structural support for smoother-looking skin. Bellafill has been proven safe and effective for use in all skin types and is also long lasting and can be optimal for patients who desire a filler that does not require frequent touch ups.
There are many practice benefits that Bellafill can offer, as the impact the treatment can have on patients is more than just skin deep...For natural-looking, long-term correction of smile lines, Bellafill can also be used for the treatment of nasolabial folds. For this indication, it has been established as safe and effective through five years with high satisfaction.
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Louis P. Bucky, MD, FACS
• Clinical Professor of Surgery in the Division of Plastic Surgery at the University
of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
• Chief of Plastic Surgery at Pennsylvania Hospital
1.American Academy of Dermatology, http://www.aad.org/media-resources/stats-and-facts/conditions/acne#.Uc2hG_nvt8F
2 Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, 2008, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1748681508003951
ISAPS 2015 Stats: US Still Plastic Surgery Capital of the World
The United States is still the plastic surgery capital of the world, according to the newest statistics from the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS).
The US had the highest number of cosmetic procedures in 2015 with 1.4 million surgical and 2.6 million non-surgical procedures. Brazil reported 1.2 million surgical and 1.1 million non-surgical procedures. Rounding out the list for the most procedures are South Korea, India, Mexico, Germany, Colombia, France, and Italy, the statistics show. There were more than 21 million surgical and nonsurgical cosmetic procedures performed worldwide in 2015, an increase of more than one million reported cosmetic procedures from 2014.
My New Favorite Thing: HALO BY SCITON
“I've been using Sciton's Halo since September 2015, and the more I use it the more I like it. I love how versatile this hybrid device is. I am able to treat all sorts of different patients and skin concerns including pores and texture issues with relatively little recovery time. I am also able to dial up a slightly more aggressive treatment for more severe sun damage and texture issues because of the versatility of the device.
Sometimes one treatment is all that is needed, but my recommendations will vary based on patient goals and the severity of the skin condition we are addressing. I generally ask the patient to come back within three to six months to assess the results.
HALO is my go-to for relatively mild-to-moderate sun damage, enlarged pores, and texture concerns. It is very well tolerated and comfortable, and that's a big plus for patients. Most can apply makeup 24 hours later, and even those patients who are treated more aggressively have recovery time ranging from four to five days. HALO consistently delivers good results with a treatment that is comfortable and has manageable recovery. That's why it has such high patient satisfaction in my office.”
Elizabeth L Tanzi, MD
• Director, Capital Laser and Skin Care, Chevy Chase, MD
• Clinical Assistant Professor of Dermatology
• George Washington University School of Medicine Center Washington, DC
Study Demystifies Sleep Wrinkles
Stomach and side sleeping positions cause wrinkles over time, and the effect is worsened with advancing age, new research published in Aesthetic Surgery Journal suggests.
“Sleep wrinkles form in response to distortion created when the face is pressed against any sleep surface. They tend to worsen over time due to repetition combined with thinning of the skin and decreased elasticity as we age,” explains lead author Goesel Anson, MD, a Las Vegas plastic surgeon.
Sleep wrinkles are also influenced by the amount of time spent in various positions. While some sleep wrinkle patterns can reinforce facial expression lines, most sleep wrinkles tend to be perpendicular to expression wrinkles. Most sleep wrinkles can be seen on the forehead, lips, and cheeks. Unlike facial expression wrinkles caused by muscle contractions, sleep wrinkles that are formed because of mechanical compression during sleep can't be eliminated using botulinum toxin.
“One way to minimize sleep wrinkles is to limit facial distortion during sleep. If you can stay on your back, that's ideal,” Dr. Anson says. “There are several specialty pillows available to help achieve that. Dermal fillers can temporarily improve wrinkles of any type however neurotoxins won't have much effect on these wrinkles since they are not caused by muscle contractions.” Noninvasive aesthetic treatments which promote collagen production could decrease sleep wrinkles.
Dr. Anson developed JuveRest The Sleep Wrinkle Pillow.